Tabriz (pronounced ta-Breeze) rugs are tight and densely knotted with elaborate designs, and some of the finest you will see.
The beauty of a Tabriz
The major city of Tabriz has been the world famous carpet-making center in Iran, creating carpets dating back to Shah Abbas (Safavieh Dynasty) period in the 15th and 16th centuries. The Tabriz weavers drew on a varied repertoire of delicate designs: multi- faceted flower heads, lush vinery rendered in naturalistic detail, subtle arabesques, and precise allover “Herati” patterns, all woven in jewel toned colors. Woven exclusively for carpet enthusiast, Tabriz rugs are technical achievements unsurpassed by any other weavings of the 20th century.
During the second half of the 19th century, the city celebrated some of the most famous masters of the era, such as; Sheik Safi, Faradji and the infamous Hadji Jallil.
A significant fact about city of Tabriz is its Academy of Fine Art (painting & drawing), which is said to be the oldest in the world. At first, artisans were mostly drawings book covers for Koran, and later their talents were used for designing carpet patterns. Thus, the reason most classic of rug designs resembles old book covers with borders and a medallion design in the middle.
The designs evolved on various topics, as the novelty and the King’s court took notice of these masterpieces of art. The most favorite of all, being those of hunting and animals, literary scenes and religious themes.
Some Tabriz rugs depict:
- Ancient times – highlighted throughout the rugs are palaces and mosques, battle scenes and book covers.
- Poetry — the four great Persian poets: Sadi, Hafez, Ferdowsi and Omar Khayam occupy one of each of the rug’s four corners.
- The seasons — Persian farmer’s lives shown during spring, summer, autumn and winter. Each of the four parts of the carpet field is independent, yet unified in terms of composition and style.
- Trees — the rug’s center is largely one or several trees and bushes.
Tabriz rugs are fine examples of carpet making as art and considered valued heirlooms; hence they continue to be passed from one generation to the next.
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