Persian rugs have been cherished possessions for centuries upon centuries. They date back to ancient Persia as far as 2,500 years ago and are heavily linked to modern day Iranian culture. They are described as quality, handmade knotted rugs that can be found in diverse colors, patterns, sizes, and knots; rugs are made using various fibers such as animal hair, wool, cotton, and silk. Although Persia no longer exists today, Persians have preserved their rug making techniques over time and take great pride in their old traditions of hand-weaving.
The first Persian rugs are significant because their intended use was to keep the homes of wandering tribes warm during the frigid weather. Families used the hand-woven rugs to cover the floors and walls, all in hopes of trapping in heat and creating warmth. Nowadays, Persian rugs are still a vital branch of the Persian culture; they will continue to be sought after and viewed as treasured art pieces around the world, attributable to their rich history and exquisite beauty.
When one thinks of a Persian rug, he or she tends to think of an assortment of vibrant colors that are brought together in a stylistic manner. Persian rugs can be defined as lavishly detailed rugs that are created by knotting thread through a woven backing—a skilled practice that can take up to a year to complete. The number of knots is counted and noted on the backside of the rug and it is important to understand that the total of knots per square inch will help to determine the cost of the rug.
Genuine Persian rugs are composed of three borders, a focal medallion motif, and are known to contain an intricate mixture of designs—they are always symmetrical. In addition to these characteristics, Persian rug makers often incorporate unique animal or floral images, as well as the use of many different geometric shapes.
Many are aware of the fact that Iran produces a massive amount of Persian rugs. Iran is the leading distributor of Persian rugs due to their exceptional art of weaving and historical background. Rugs that are made outside of Iran are not considered to be Persian rugs. Different regions within Iran use distinctive styles of knotting and color dying to make Persian rugs. For example, one will find that the style of rug making differs depending on location.
Location is imperative when it comes to Persian rugs because the place of origin is what determines the name and worth of the rug. Being that rug making is the number one craft in Iran, thousands of local Iranian villages make Persian rugs and each have their own methods and signature tribal patterns. Cities such as Keman, Isfahan, Tabriz, Nain, Shiraz, and Kashan are the most prominent centers for Persian rug making.
Authentic Persian rugs are highly valued. They are far from the average carpet that one uses to hide unwanted or empty floor space. A single Persian rug may sell for thousands and thousands of dollars. Buyers travel across the globe to find that special Persian rug that will not only decorate their living rooms, but add real value to their homes.
To learn more, see antique persian rugs.